Zammit was born in Valletta on 30 September 1864. After studying
at the Lyceum and the University of Malta he obtained the degree
of Doctor of Medicine in 1889. In 1905 he was appointed Professor
of Chemistry in the same University, of which he was also appointed
Rector in 1920. He occupied this position until 1926 when he
decided to dedicate his time and uncommon intellectual faculties
to the organisation of the National Museum, particularly in
the archaeological field.
Sir Temi, as he was popularly known,
was a man of great versatility. His scholarly interests were
multifarious and he was a very
prolific writer as evidenced by his numerous publications.
As a scientist engaged in research work on the transmission
of Mediterranean or Undulant Fever (in Malta known as deni
rqiq), his name first became known in international medical
circles through his connection with Sir Ronald Ross and his
continuation of the work of Sir David Bruce (whose name was
adopted to denominate the germ of the said fever as Brucella
melitensis) in the early years of the 20th century when he
discovered the micro-organism in goat’s milk. In 1920
he was awarded the “Mary Kingsley Medal” by the
Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine.
His name also gained renown as a result of his archaeological
excavations of prehistoric sites in the Maltese Islands and
also of his scholarly writings on the material found on such
The range of Zammit’s publications also extends to Maltese
history, literature, culture and education. His accomplishments
and merits received acknowledgment in various international
quarters. In 1911 Britain honoured him with the decoration
of Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George and in
1930 with that of Knight Bachelor. In 1920 the University of
Oxford conferred on him an honorary degree of Doctor of Literature
and in 1932 he was made an “Officier d’Académie” of
the French Republic.
Sir Temistokle Zammit died on 2 November 1935.
The obverse of the coin shows the Emblem of Malta with the
year of issue 2006.
The reverse depicts a likeness
of Sir Temistokle Zammit with the dates of his birth and death.
This coin is being issued
under the ‘Europa Programme 2006 – Personalities’.
The ‘Europa Star’, which is the official logo of
this programme, is also shown on the reverse.
The coin design is the work of Maltese artist Noel Galea Bason
and it was struck at the Royal Dutch Mint.